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What Are The Differences Between Land Surveying & Mapping?

Feb 14

The science, art, and profession of land surveying include finding the locations of points on the earth's surface and measuring the distances, directions, angles, and elevations between them. This information aids in the proper creation of maps and the determination of plot boundaries.

Since at least Ancient Egypt, surveying and mapping has been a recognized science. In reality, three of Mount Rushmore's four presidents were land surveyors. Civil engineering, construction, architecture, and real estate all rely on surveying to meet key demands.

 

WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE A LAND SURVEYOR?

Land surveyors establish the boundaries of properties and create maps and survey plots of land. They take the measurements needed to create a map of a certain region. Land surveyors use tools including theodolites, levels, plumb bobs, and total stations, as well as software like AutoCAD. Engineers, architects, and developers may benefit from their experience, which they can supply as expert witnesses in court disputes.

"The only legally enforceable records that demonstrate where your property starts and ends are professional surveys." As a result, they have the potential to be the determining factor in property disputes and are critical when acquiring and developing land."

 

WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO BECOME A LAND SURVEYOR?

You must satisfy one of the following two qualifications to become a licensed land surveyor in Florida:

1st criterion:

Degree

A bachelor's degree in surveying and mapping, or a related subject, is required (geomatics, geomatics engineering, land surveying, etc.)

Experience

You worked as a subordinate to a licensed surveyor for four years, and you were accountable for the work's correctness.

2nd Requirement:

Degree

A bachelor's degree in a relevant discipline and 25 semester hours of related coursework are required.

Experience

Six years as a subordinate to a licensed surveyor, with five of those years demonstrating responsibility for the work's correctness.

You are entitled to apply for the license after you have met these prerequisites. You may take the Fundamentals of Surveying (FS) test, the Principles and Practice of Surveying (PS) exam, and the Florida Jurisdictional exam if the board approves your application.

There are two sorts of licenses that are issued:

The designation LS (Land Surveyor) grants the surveyor the right to perform surveying and mapping. Professional land surveyors have the authority to sign and seal legal papers and are accountable for the data and maps' correctness.

This license identifies a licensed land surveying business. LB (Surveying and Mapping Business) - this license denotes a licensed land surveying business.

Visit the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services website to learn more about becoming a certified land surveyor.

 

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF A LAND SURVEY?

A land survey may be required for a variety of reasons:

  • Before buying land, be sure you have legal confirmation that you're getting what you think you're getting.
  • Before you construct a fence around your property, be sure you know precisely where it will go.
  • A current survey on file can make your house more appealing to potential purchasers if you're selling it.
  • Prior to the construction of any new buildings on a property. Surveys will be able to determine the location of your property lines. They'll also check to see whether the new building complies with zoning and neighborhood restrictions.
  • If your neighbor begins to construct additional structures and you feel they are infringing on your land,
  • Before creating a land easement, be sure you and other parties involved understand what the easement means. Existing easements will also be visible on title surveys.
  • The only legally binding records that demonstrate where your property starts and ends are professional surveys. As a result, they have the potential to be the decisive factor in property disputes and are critical when acquiring and developing land.

 

WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO HAVE A LEGAL DESCRIPTION?

The size and bounds of a parcel are clearly defined by legal descriptions. They vary from addresses in that they are unique to each plot of land and utilize existing township grids to establish the location of the parcel. As a result, they clear up any ambiguity about where each parcel of property is located and offer legal proof of where its borders begin and stop.

Legal descriptions are used in sales contracts, deeds, and mortgages. They may be found on property deeds and tax bills.

 

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT SURVEY TYPES?

There are numerous kinds of land surveys and services available:

 

ALTA/NSPS LAND TITLE SURVEYS ALTA/NSPS

Land Title Surveys give a thorough picture of the property and highlight the link between existing improvements on a parcel of land and the property's deed's limits. The American Land Title Association (ALTA) and the National Society of Professional Surveyors (NSPS) developed a set of criteria for this survey, which includes detailed information on the property's borders, real property, easements, encroachments, and land ownership data.

 

SURVEYS OF COMMERCIAL/RESIDENTIAL BOUNDARIES

The boundaries of a given piece of land is determined via commercial/residential surveys. This survey is required for a variety of purposes, including the purchase or sale of land, the clarification of property borders, and the construction of structures on the site.

 

LAYOUT SERVICES FOR CONSTRUCTION

These surveys, also known as construction staking or site layout surveys, identify the exact position of new buildings on construction sites prior to their completion. Construction staking and site layout surveys may be used to give construction staff with the information they need to execute development enhancements while staying on budget and on time.

 

ADJUSTMENTS TO LOT SPLITS AND BOUNDARY LINES

Splitting a parcel of land into two new lots is known as a lot split. This method may be used for a variety of situations, such as when a lot has numerous owners and has to be divided, or when a property owner wishes to maximize earnings by selling two lots. Land surveyors produce boundary line modifications when a property line has to be modified. Drawing lots necessitates adherence to zoning and size regulations, thus land surveyors who are knowledgeable with these regulations are required for these two services.

 

LOT STAKING AND PLATTING SERVICES

Platting services are similar to Lot Splits in that they include mapping and staking the whole property. Land surveyors use wooden stakes to properly identify property borders and erect survey monuments or markers at property corners and lines, at predetermined intervals.

 

SURVEYS OF TOPOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

Topographic surveys are used to collect comprehensive information on the location of natural and man-made terrain features. Elevations, contours, trees, streams, drainage ditches, grading, buildings, and other features are among them. Landscape architects and engineers might utilize a topographic survey to design site enhancements and developments.

 

RECORD DRAWINGS OR AS-BUILT DRAWINGS

As-Built surveys depict the final horizontal and vertical field placement of completed improvements, such as sewage pipes, buildings, and utilities, in relation to engineering construction plans, design revisions, and contractor field adjustments.

 

SURVEYS OF WETLANDS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Environmental surveys aid in the assessment and planning of a site's reclamation or rehabilitation for corrective construction. Wetland Delineations are a kind of environmental study that determines whether or not a wetland exists and how big it is. These distinctions are critical because wetlands are subject to laws and restrictions that may not apply to other property parcels. Locating buildings, such as monitor well sites, is another sort of environmental study.

 

SURVEYS OF HYDROGRAPHIC AND MEAN HIGH WATER

Hydrographic surveying is used to characterize shorelines and water features in any body of still or flowing water. The limits of private and state coastal waterways are determined by Mean High Water Surveys. Important peninsulas, such as Florida, are the focus of these assessments.

 

ELEVATION CERTIFICATES FROM FEMA

In Special Flood Hazard Areas, FEMA elevation certifications assess the total elevation of new structures and significant renovations (SFHAs). As a result, they are required when applying for flood insurance and aid in the reduction of insurance rates. Surveyors assess the property's elevation to ensure that it complies with the certification standards.

 

LOCATION OF SUBSURFACE UTILITIES

The location of subsurface utilities is mapped out in this study. They lessen the chances of problems arising during the building of or near subsurface utilities. Unexpectedly running into subsurface utility systems, for example, might have a severe impact on the original design.

 

MAPPING AND AERIAL SURVEY

Aerial survey and mapping, often known as photogrammetry, is a way of gathering geomatics or other images that uses survey planes to build high-resolution topographic maps of bigger regions. Traditional methods would make it impossible to capture these locations.