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Strategies to control erosion

Feb 20

Strategies to control erosion

Erosion Control is a method to limit the damage to land due to erosion. It can happen naturally (from water or wind) or it can be caused by artificial means (from humans). There are three types of erosion control methods: organic or natural, inorganic or non-natural.

Natural and organic erosion prevention measures

Natural erosion control or organic measures are used to protect the surface of the earth making use of materials that are directly sourced from the ground. These materials can be either water- or plant-based or rock-based.

  1. Plant-Based

There are numerous methods of erosion control using plants.


  • Buffer Strip

Similar to bioswales, buffer strips are also a possibility. Buffer strips, as well as bioswales, retain sediment and control run-off. Buffer strips are often on farmland. They are composed of permanent plants, meaning that farmers won't remove the plants to plant new plants. However, bioswales are buried in the soil.


  • Crop Rotation

Crop rotation is the process of planting a different plant every year to reduce soil erosion.


  • Mulching

Mulch is the process of putting either natural or artificial material on top of the soil. Mulching can be used to hold water, kill weeds and safeguard the soil from wind erosion and erosion by water. Mulch can be made of leaves, straws wood chips, or other organic materials. Mulch made from human-made substances can also contain sheets of plastic. This is known as plasticulture.


  • Reforestation

Reforestation is the act of replanting trees within areas that were previously cut down. Reforestation is the act of planting new trees to help in preventing erosion and also to supply fresh air.


  • Seeding

There are two types of these: temporary permanent, and hydroseeding. These plants are used to control erosion. Two types of seeding could be used to establish soil-protecting plants. Mulch is utilized as a supplement to seeds.

  • Terracing

Terracing is also known as contour plowing. It is like it in that it is characterized by multiple (soil and soil) barriers perpendicularly to the slope. This construction slows down water and prevents the formation of small streams.

  1. Water-based

These are two water-based erosion prevention methods.


  • Bioswale

Bioswales could also be referred to as Grassed waterways or Vegetated waterways. Bioswales resemble trenches, with vegetation in the bottom. They are utilized to minimize the pollution of water and also direct it throughout the area.


  • Retention and Detention Pools/Basins

Although impoundments don't hinder erosion, they can aid in reducing erosion. These are water basins made of artificial materials that are made of soil as well as other materials that are affected by water erosion.

Retention basins/Ponds They are meant to collect water run-off from the surrounding areas. They also aid in preventing flooding.

Detention basins/Ponds. These temporary basins are known as sediment basins or Retarding. These smaller basins are used to regulate the flow of minerals or soil.


  1. Rock Based

Riprap. Riprap is an erosion control method based on the rock. method. It is also called armor or shot rock. Ripraps are made up of rocks. They guard shorelines and stop erosion by water.


Unnatural or organic-based erosion control measures

Methods of protecting the Earth's surface by using materials other than natural and organic are called organic or inorganic erosion control measures. These are artificial materials.


  • Fiber Rolls

Fiber rolls are like terracing. Fiber rolls can also be used for construction purposes however they are constructed out of straw or coconut fiber, not soil barriers. They are also temporary. To manage any sediment that is displaced from a source of water, fiber rolls are used to place them on slopes.


  • Sand fence

A sand fence can also be referred to as a Sand break. It is used to capture the sand that is blown away by the wind.


  • Silt Fencing

Geotextile is a filter cloth that makes silt fences. These fences are used for soil containment at construction sites because rainwater could cause soil to be able to flow into other water sources, such as lakes and rivers.

  • Turbidity Curtains

Like Turbidity curtains, Silt fences are also made of geotextile. They are not placed in silt fences as is the case with silt fencing. Water can be used to capture sediment. These can be used for construction.

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